On November 29, 2007, the Government Procurement Policy Board (GPPB) issued Resolution No. 30-2007 approving the Local Government Procurement Manual. The approval of the manual was in response to the numerous requests received by the GPPB Technical Support Office (GPPB TSO) from various local government units (LGU) for the development of a procurement manual which will be more responsive and specifically adaptable to the local government setting.
In the drafting of the manual, the salient provisions of the Local Government Code, including the local budget and finance guidelines by the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) were considered to ensure the LGUs' compliance with Republic Act No. 9184 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations.
The procurement of supplies at the local level was previously governed by Title Six, Book Two of Republic Act No. 7160, otherwise known as the "Local Government Code of 1991" on Property and Supply Management in the Local Government Units. However, on January 10, 2003, R.A. No. 9184, otherwise known as the "Government Procurement Reform Act" was enacted. This legislative enactment provides for the "modernization, standardization and regulation of the procurement activities of the Government." Its most salient feature is the consolidation in one law of all the policies, guidelines, rules and regulations governing the procurement of infrastructure projects, goods and consulting services regardless of source of funds, whether local or foreign, by all sectors of the Government, including the LGUs. Hence, the aspect of procurement of supplies at the local level is now deemed governed by R.A. No. 9184.
R.A. No. 9184 addresses the need to systematize the procurement process, avoid confusion and ensure transparency. To this end, the law provides for its standardization, including the forms to be used. Likewise, the law institutionalizes full computerization of Government procurement with a view to modernizing the procurement process and promoting transparency and efficiency. R.A. No. 9184 thus seeks to institutionalize reforms in government procurement. And as a primary aspect of the government's reform agenda, the law created the GPPB for the purpose of formulating its implementing rules and regulations (IRR) as well as public procurement policies. The approval and adoption of the Local Government Procurement Manual by the GPPB is expected to adhere to the objectives of R.A. No. 9184, at least to ensure that the LGUs will get the best deals when undertaking its procurement activities.
Rosalyn S. Co
SyCip Salazar Hernandez & Gatmaitan
SSHG Law Centre
105 Paseo de Roxas
Makati City 1226
Phone: (63 2) 817-9811 to 20
Fax: (63 2) 817-3896